Ljubljana is the capital and largest city of Slovenia. Forms the urban community of Ljubljana, divided into seventeen districts.
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Population - 258.9 thousand people (2014), or 13% of the country's population. More than 500 thousand people live within the agglomeration. It is located in the intermountain Ljubljana depression on the banks of the Ljubljanica river.
The main political, economic and cultural center of Slovenia. Concentrates over 40% of the country's GDP and one third of the headquarters of the largest companies in Slovenia. Here is the University of Ljubljana, which has over fifty thousand students. Public transport consists of buses.
The historical core is formed by the Grad fortress, underneath is the Old Town. Remains of ancient and medieval buildings; ensembles in the Baroque styles of the 16th-18th centuries, Art Nouveau after the earthquake of 1895, built by the architect Jože Plečnik in the first half of the 20th century.
From the 1st century - the Roman city of Emona, depopulated in the 5th century; has been known as a medieval settlement since the 12th century. From 1335 to 1918 under the German name Laibach as part of the Habsburg state, from the XIV century - the administrative center of Krajny. Since 1918, under the Slovenian name Ljubljana is the capital of Slovenia.