Espoo, or Espoo, is a city and municipality in Finland, the second largest city in the country (276,087 people as of May 31, 2017). Espoo's area is 528.03 km², of which 312.29 km² is land, 17.94 km² is inland waters and the remaining 197.80 km² is sea. The city is located in the south of the country, on the shores of the Gulf of Finland of the Baltic Sea, west of Helsinki, in the Uusimaa region. As a satellite city of Helsinki, it is part of the so-called metropolitan region, which also includes Helsinki, Vantaa and Kauniainen.
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Espoo is officially considered a bilingual (Finnish and Swedish) city. Since 2017, English has been declared a "service language", and debates continue over whether to make it an official language on par with Finnish and Swedish (or even instead of Swedish). The majority of Espoo's population, 83.6%, speaks Finnish as their first language, while a minority, 8.3%, speaks Swedish. Finnish and Swedish are not native languages of 8% of Espoo's population. In 2012, Espoo was the least subsidized municipality in Finland, operating through internal self-financing. According to the results of the 2012 municipal elections, the proportion of women in the Espoo City Council was the highest in Finland (over 53%). The city council was chaired from 2013 to 2015 by Timo Soini, leader of the True Finns party. Espoo City Day is celebrated on 27 August.